Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Deportation

Chronology

Food transports come to a standstill

In late 1944, the Dutch government in London called upon the railway staff to strike. The intention was to prevent German military transports because the allied powers wanted to carry out airborne landings near Arnhem. The strike lasted much longer than initially expected. As a result, food transports came to a standstill and coal from the liberated south could not be transported either. The repercussion was that in the harsh winter of 1944-1945 people suffered from cold and hunger - especially in the western part of the country where the biggest cities are located. The transport of food from the east to the west was blocked and as a result supplies exhausted quickly. In homes previously owned by Jews, from which in many cases all the household goods and other properties had been stolen, everything that could burn was taken apart. Trees in parks, avenues, and streets were felled and sawn into firewood.


Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 3Afbeelding 1
  1. After the announcement of the Railway strike in September 1944 the Germans began dismantling a large number of railways. Much of the material was transported to Germany.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. In the winter of 1944-45 the transport of coal from the liberated south part of the Netherlands came to a standstill. Everything that was flammable was dismantled, The Hague, winter 1944-45
    Photo by Menno Huizinga, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. The interiors of homes were emptied to be used as fuel for the heater, The Hague, winter 1944-45.
    Photo by Menno Huizinga, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotations
westerbork until 1942
amersfoort camp
vught concentration camp
westerbork camp 1942-1944
transports to auschwitz
other camps
chronology:
april/may strikes
handing in radios
radio oranje

chronology:
railway strike 1944
winter of starvation
the south is liberated