Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Deportation

Chronology

Advance of the troops delayed

On 6 June 1944, the Allied forces landed in Normandy. After fierce combat, Paris was liberated on 30 August 1944 and Brussels on 3 September. A day later, the BBC (the British radio) gave a false report that the city Breda in South Netherland was liberated. Breda was actually only liberated on 29 October by Polish troops. The advance of the allies (besides the Polish, also British, Canadian, and American forces were fighting on Dutch soil) was stopped near Arnhem in the east part of the Netherlands, where the British army suffered a heavy defeat. Exactly at that moment the Dutch government in London had called upon the staff of the Dutch Railway to organise a railway strike in an attempt to thwart the German military transport. The strike had devastating consequences for the food supply in the western part of the country, which was only liberated in the spring of 1945.


Afbeelding 5Afbeelding 4Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1Afbeelding 3
  1. Polish tank in the village of Moerdijk after the liberation on 10 November 1944
    After the liberation of Breda on 29 October, Polish troops advanced to the north. After fierce fighting with the returning German army, the small town Moerdijk was liberated by the Polish troops.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. A Polish war correspondent interviewing a wounded German soldier.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. British airborne division landing near Arnhem, September 1944
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  4. The centre of Arnhem, September 1944
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  5. The liberation of the city of Eindhoven on 18 September 1944 was celebrated with abandon.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotations
westerbork until 1942
amersfoort camp
vught concentration camp
westerbork camp 1942-1944
transports to auschwitz
other camps
chronology:
april/may strikes
handing in radios
radio oranje

chronology:
railway strike 1944
winter of starvation
the south is liberated