Nederlands Holocaust in Europe Camps

Extermination camps in Poland

The nazis built the largest extermination camps in Poland. Two of them, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Majdanek, were originally built as concentration camps for political opponents of the nazis and for prisoners of war. Treblinka, Sobibor, and Belzec were built in the framework of Aktion Reinhard, the code name for the elimination of the Jews in Eastern Europe. Chelmno, which was not far from Łódź, was intended for murdering the Jews from Warthegau (the part of Poland conquered by the Germans in 1939). Between the summer of 1941 and the summer of 1944, Maly Trostenets was an extermination camp near Minsk (White Russia). In Croatia the pro-German Ustaša regime murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Roma, and Jews in the notorious Jasenovac camp.


The major Nazi camps during the Second World War. Click on the names of the camps for more information. The map shows the present borders between statescountries.

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